Polymers are of two types: naturally occurring and synthetic or man made.
What are the 2 main types of polymers?
Polymers fall into two categories: thermosetting plastic or thermoset. thermoforming plastic or thermoplastic.
What are the two types of polymer give example?
There are two types of polymers: synthetic and natural. Synthetic polymers are derived from petroleum oil, and made by scientists and engineers. Examples of synthetic polymers include nylon, polyethylene, polyester, Teflon, and epoxy.
What are polymers What are its types?
There are 3 principal classes of polymers – thermoplastics, thermosets, and elastomers. Differentiation between these classes is best defined by their behaviour under applied heat. Thermoplastic polymers can be either amorphous or crystalline. They behave in a relatively ductile manner but often have low strength.
What are the 4 types of polymers?
There are four basic kinds of biological macromolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. These polymers are composed of different monomers and serve different functions.
Is DNA a polymer?
And even our DNA is a polymer—it’s made of monomers called nucleotides. The first man-made polymers were actually modified versions of these natural polymers.
What is a polymer melt?
Polymer melts are solvent-free, viscoelastic liquids consisting of entangled macromolecules with a monomer volume fraction ηm=πρmb3/6 comparable with that of simple liquids.
What are the uses of polymer?
Uses of polymers Polymer Properties Uses Poly(chloroethene) ‘PVC’ Tough, electrical insulator, can be made hard or flexible Insulation for electrical wires, windows, gutters, pipes Poly(tetrafluoroethene) ‘PFTE’ Slippery, chemically unreactive Non-stick coatings for pans, containers for laboratory substances.
Is cotton a polymer?
Cotton is a polymer which is made up of cellulose. Cellulose is a carbohydrate which is also a polymer of repeated chains of glucose.
Is PVC a natural polymer?
PVC, also known as polyvinyl chloride is a synthetic plastic polymer. Proteins are the natural polymers. Proteins are made out of amino acids hence proteins are polyamides so we can say that proteins are obtained from the plants and animals directly.
What are the characteristics of polymer?
Some of the useful properties of various engineering polymers are high strength or modulus to weight ratios (light weight but comparatively stiff and strong), toughness, resilience, resistance to corrosion, lack of conductivity (heat and electrical), color, transparency, processing, and low cost.
Which is an example of thermosetting polymer?
One of the most common examples of thermosets is bakelite which is relatively a bad conductor of electricity and heat. Some other examples of thermoset plastic polymers include silicones, vulcanized rubber, epoxies, polyesters and phenolics.
What are 3 properties of polymers?
A1.1 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES Physical properties of polymers include molecular weight, molar volume, density, degree of polymerization, crystallinity of material, and so on.
What is polymer Class 8?
A polymer is a very big molecule formed by the combination of a large number of small molecules. The small molecules which join together to form a polymer is called monomer. The monomer which make a polymer may be of the same compound or of different compounds.
What is polymer with example?
Polymer is a substance made up of a large number of smaller molecules that link together to form larger molecules. An example of a synthetic polymer is plastic. An example of a natural polymer is rubber.
What are polymers 12?
A polymer is a large molecule of high molecular mass formed by the repetitive bonding of many small molecules called monomers. The process by which the monomers are transformed into polymers is called polymerisation. As polymers are single big size molecules, they are also called macromolecules. 2.
Are proteins a polymer?
Proteins are polymers in which the 20 natural amino acids are linked by amide bonds. Structural proteins can be globular or fibrillar proteins.
Is Silk a polymer?
Silk is a natural polymer originating from various insect and spider species. It is composed of two different proteins, sericin and fibroin, among which fibroin is an FDA-approved material for some medical devices.
Is insulin a polymer?
The insulin molecule contains 51 amino acids; it is made up of two peptide chains linked by disulphide bonds. Although it is active as a monomer, during its biosynthesis and storage it assembles to dimers and, in the presence of zinc, to hexamers.
What happens when a polymer melts?
When a polymer “melts” it slowly becomes “leathery,” then “tacky,” and then liquid over a fairly broad temperature range42. The crystalline portion of the polymer is a nonequilibrium distribution of a large number of crystallites of different sizes and in different environments.
What is viscosity of polymer?
The measurement of the viscosity of polymer solutions in organic solvents gives us a value that is directly related to the molecular mass of the polymer. In other words, the higher the viscosity, the higher the molecular weight, although the correlation is not direct.
What causes polymer melt fracture?
Melt fracture is defined as the phenomenon caused by excessive shear stress exerted on the molten resin that leads to roughness in the extrudate.
What are the advantages of polymer?
Polymers are more resistant to chemicals than their metal counterparts. Polymer parts do not require post-treatment finishing efforts, unlike metal. Polymer and composite materials are up to ten times lighter than typical metals.
What is polymer and its uses?
Polymers, a large class of materials, consist of many small molecules named monomers that are linked together to form long chains and are used in a lot of products and goods that we use in daily life.
What are commonly used polymers?
The eight most common types of synthetic organic polymers, which are commonly found in households are: Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) High-density polyethylene (HDPE) Polypropylene (PP) Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) Polystyrene (PS) Nylon, nylon 6, nylon 6,6. Teflon (Polytetrafluoroethylene) Thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPU).
What is cotton polymer called?
After scouring and bleaching, cotton is 99% cellulose. Cellulose is a macromolecule –– a polymer made up of a long chain of glucose molecules linked by C-1 to C-4 oxygen bridges with elimination of water (glycoside bonds).
Is wood a natural polymer?
Wood contains natural polymers such as lignin, cellulose, and various hemi- celluloses but has very different properties from the synthetic polymers with which it is most often combined. As with most natural materials, the anatomy of wood is complex.
Is rubber a polymer?
Natural rubber is a polymer, a long, chain like molecule that contains repeating subunits. The term polymer comes from the Greek “poly” meaning many and “mer” meaning parts. The chemical name for natural rubber is polyisoprene. The monomer (meaning “one-part”) from which it is built is isoprene.