Continental crust is low in density whereas oceanic crust has a higher density. Continental crust is thicker, on the contrary, the oceanic crust is thinner. Continental crust floats on magma freely but oceanic crust floats on magma scarcely. Continental crust cannot recycle whereas oceanic crust can recycle it.
What are the differences between oceanic and continental crust?
The crust is the outer layer of the Earth. It is the solid rock layer upon which we live. Continental crust is typically 30-50 km thick, whilst oceanic crust is only 5-10 km thick. Oceanic crust is denser, can be subducted and is constantly being destroyed and replaced at plate boundaries.
What is the difference between oceanic and continental crust for kids?
Under the ocean is oceanic crust, which is made mostly from a rock called basalt. While continental crust is thick and light-colored, oceanic crust is thin and very dark. Oceanic crust is only about 3-5 miles thick, but continental crust is around 25 miles thick.
What are the similarities and differences between oceanic crust continental crust?
Oceanic crust is made of basalt, dark in color, thin compared to continental crust (5 km thick vs 20-50 km), denser than continental crust, and geologically young. Continental crust is composed of granite, light in color, and thicker, less dense, and older than oceanic crust.
What is an example of continental crust?
The continental crust is the layer of granitic, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks which form the continents and the areas of shallow seabed close to their shores, known as continental shelves. About 40% of the Earth’s surface is now underlain by continental crust.
What are the 2 kinds of crust differentiate them?
Earth’s crust is divided into two types: oceanic crust and continental crust. The transition zone between these two types of crust is sometimes called the Conrad discontinuity. Silicates (mostly compounds made of silicon and oxygen) are the most abundant rocks and minerals in both oceanic and continental crust.
What are 3 facts about the continental crust?
The continental crust varies in thickness between 6 and 43 miles (25 and 70km). It is made up of a variety of rock types, all of which are lighter than the denser, more tightly packed rocks found in the oceanic crust. Some of the rocks in the continental crust are up to 4 billion years old.
What is an example of oceanic crust?
An example of this is the Gakkel Ridge under the Arctic Ocean. Thicker than average crust is found above plumes as the mantle is hotter and hence it crosses the solidus and melts at a greater depth, creating more melt and a thicker crust. An example of this is Iceland which has crust of thickness ~20 km.
Is oceanic or continental thicker?
Continental crust is typically 40 km (25 miles) thick, while oceanic crust is much thinner, averaging about 6 km (4 miles) in thickness. The less-dense continental crust has greater buoyancy, causing it to float much higher in the mantle.
What are two differences between oceanic crust and continental crust quizlet?
The oceanic crust is thinner and denser, and is similar in composition to basalt (Si, O, Ca, Mg, and Fe). The continental crust is thicker and less dense, and is similar to granite in composition (Si, O, Al, K, and Na). The mantle is made of magnesium, iron and silicon. The core is almost exclusively iron and nickel.
Which two terms apply to oceanic crust rather than continental crust?
Oceanic crust differs from continental crust in several ways: it is thinner, denser, younger, and of different chemical composition. Like continental crust, however, oceanic crust is destroyed in subduction zones.
What is the average age of continental crust?
On the basis of Nd model age provinces in North America and Australia an average age of continental crust is about 2.0 Ga.
Why is continental crust thicker?
The crust is thickened by the compressive forces related to subduction or continental collision. The buoyancy of the crust forces it upwards, the forces of the collisional stress balanced by gravity and erosion. This forms a keel or mountain root beneath the mountain range, which is where the thickest crust is found.
What is the thickness of continental crust?
Global observations show that the crustal thickness varies through the tectonic regions. While the continental crust is 30–70 km thick, the oceanic crustal thickness is 6–12 km. The oceanic crust is also denser (2.8–3.0 g/cm3) than the continental crust (2.6–2.7 g/cm3).
What is called lower layer of the crust?
In geology, sima (/ˈsaɪmə/) is an antiquated blended term for the lower layer of Earth’s crust. The sima layer is also called the ‘basal crust’ or ‘basal layer’ because it is the lowest layer of the crust. Because the ocean floors are mainly sima, it is also sometimes called the ‘oceanic crust’.
Which is the thinnest layer of earth?
Discuss with the whole class what the relative thicknesses of the layers are — that the inner core and outer core together form the thickest layer of the Earth and that the crust is by far the thinnest layer.
What type of crust is more dense?
Oceanic crust is more dense because it contains basalt which is more dense than granite which composes the continental crust.
What are 5 facts about the crust?
Interesting Facts about the Earths Crust The crust is deepest in mountainous areas. The continental and oceanic crusts are bonded to the mantle, which we spoke about earlier, and this forms a layer called the lithosphere. Beneath the lithosphere, there is a hotter part of the mantle that is always moving.
Why is the crust important?
The crust is a thin but important zone where dry, hot rock from the deep Earth reacts with the water and oxygen of the surface, making new kinds of minerals and rocks. It’s also where plate-tectonic activity mixes and scrambles these new rocks and injects them with chemically active fluids.
What are 5 facts about lithosphere?
The continental lithosphere is comprised of igneous rock called felsic rock. This rock is rich in the elements required to form quartz and feldspar. The oceanic lithosphere is comprised of mafic crust and ultramafic mantle. The mafic crust is made up of silicate mineral that is rich in iron and magnesium.