There are 3 main types of DC motor that are available:- Series, Shunt and Compound. These terms relate to the type of connection of the field windings with respect to the armature circuit.
What are the three types of DC motors?
Main Types of DC Motors Permanent Magnet DC Motors. The permanent magnet motor uses a permanent magnet to create field flux. Series DC Motors. In a series DC motor, the field is wound with a few turns of a large wire carrying the full armature current. Shunt DC Motors. Compound DC Motors.
What is DC motor and its types?
Mainly there are two types of DC Motors. One is Separately Excited DC Motor and other is Self-excited DC Motor. The self-excited motors are further classified as Shunt wound or shunt motor, Series wound or series motor and Compound wound or compound motor. The dc motor converts electrical power into mechanical power.
What are the three types of motor?
Types of Electric Motors AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. DC Brushless Motors. Direct Drive. Linear Motors. Servo Motors. Stepper Motors.
What are the types of DC series motor?
The types of DC motor include: Permanent Magnet DC Motor (PMDC Motor) Separately Excited DC Motor. Self Excited DC Motor. Shunt Wound DC Motor. Series Wound DC Motor. Compound Wound DC Motor. Short shunt DC Motor. Long shunt DC Motor.
What is the principle of DC motor?
The basic working principle of the DC motor is that whenever a current carrying conductor places in the magnetic field, it experiences a mechanical force. Fleming’s left-hand rule and its magnitude decide the direction of this force.
What are characteristics of DC motor?
Generally, three characteristic curves are considered important for DC motors which are, (i) Torque vs. armature current, (ii) Speed vs. armature current and (iii) Speed vs. torque.
What are the applications of DC motor?
In portable applications using battery power, DC motors are a natural choice. DC machines are also used in applications where high starting torque and accurate speed control over a wide range are important. Major applications for DC motors are: elevators, steel mills, rolling mills, locomotives, and excavators.
What are applications of DC motor?
Application of DC Series motor Cranes. Air compressor. Lifts. Elevators. Winching system. Electric traction. Hair drier. Vacuum cleaner and in speed regulation application.
What are the two main parts of DC motor?
DC motors include two key components: a stator and an armature. The stator is the stationary part of a motor, while the armature rotates. In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate.
What is the speed of dc motor?
DC controls adjust speed by varying the voltage sent to the motor (this differs from AC motor controls which adjust the line frequency to the motor). Typical no load or synchronous speeds for an AC fractional horsepower motor are 1800 or 3600 rpm, and 1000-5000 rpm for DC fractional hp motors.
What is the difference between AC and DC motor?
Difference between AC and DC motor AC motors are available in two-phase type, single-phase or three phases. All DC motors are single phase. In AC motors Armatures don’t rotate with the continuous rotation of magnetic fields. In DC motors, the armature rotates while the magnetic field rotates.
Why starter is used in DC motor?
Starters are used to protect DC motors from damage that can be caused by very high current and torque during startup. They do this by providing external resistance to the motor, which is connected in series to the motor’s armature winding and restricts the current to an acceptable level.
How do you identify a DC motor?
Look for the commutator & brushes and salient field system to confirm. (iii) has 5 terminals, then it is a AC synchronous motor (3 for stator and 2 for field). Look for 2 slip rings for rotor dc supply. (iii) has 4 terminals, then it may be a DC motor, in which case look for the commutator & brushes to confirm.
What is the rpm of 12V DC motor?
18000 RPM, 12V DC Motor.
What is simple DC motor?
A simple DC motor uses a stationary set of magnets in the stator, and a coil of wire with a current running through it to generate an electromagnetic field aligned with the centre of the coil. The commutator allows each armature coil to be energised in turn, creating a steady rotating force (known as torque).
What is DC motor with diagram?
Difference Between Dynamo and DC Motor – definition Sr No. Dynamo DC Motor 2. Here normally permanent magnet is used or electromagnets made up of windings Made of miniature size of permanent magnet 3. It can operate through Self Excitation or Separate Excitation It is usually excited by permanent magnet present.
What is role of commutator in DC motor?
The commutator on the DC generator converts the AC into pulsating DC. On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.
Which property is associated with DC motor?
Explanation: DC series motor provides very high starting torque, and at higher torques speed of the DC series motor is also maintained to constant. Both of these properties are used in applications of DC series motor.
What is Series DC motor?
Series DC motors are a group of self-excited DC motors in which the field coil is connected in series to the armature winding and thus a higher current passes through it. A series DC motor mission is to turn the electrical energy into mechanical one based on electromagnetic law.
How do you control the speed of a DC motor?
Thus, the speed of a DC motor can control in three ways: By varying the flux, and by varying the current through field winding. By varying the armature voltage, and the armature resistance. Through the supply voltage.