Our nails naturally develop slight vertical ridges as we age. However, severe and raised ridges can be a sign of iron deficiency anemia. Nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin B12 or keratin can result in fingernail ridges. Hormonal changes can also cause ridges to appear.

Why do my fingernails have black lines?

Melanonychia is caused when the pigment cells, called melanocytes, deposit melanin into the nail. Melanin is a brown colored pigment. These deposits are usually grouped together. As your nail grows, it causes the stripe of brown or black to appear on your nail.

What do nails look like with anemia?

Anemia is a condition where your body lacks enough hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. While fatigue is the leading sign of anemia, this condition can also show itself through brittle or spoon-shaped nails — called koilonychia.

What do fingernails look like with liver disease?

If the nails are mostly white with darker rims, this can indicate liver problems, such as hepatitis. In this image, you can see the fingers are also jaundiced, another sign of liver trouble.

What deficiency causes black nails?

Additional symptoms to watch out for Nail health Possible cause black lines psoriasis, endocarditis, nail melanoma ridges iron deficiency anemia (vertical) or kidney disease (horizontal) no half-moons anemia, malnutrition, or depression peeling iron deficiency.

Are black lines on nails normal?

Black Line on the Nail: Should You Worry? A narrow black line that has formed vertically underneath your nail is called a splinter hemorrhage. It occurs for a variety of reasons and may be harmless or a sign of a more serious health condition.

What does lines on nails mean?

The bottom line Ridges in the fingernails are often normal signs of aging. Slight vertical ridges commonly develop in older adults. In some cases, they may be a sign of health problems like vitamin deficiencies or diabetes. Deep horizontal ridges, called Beau’s lines, may indicate a serious condition.

What are the signs of unhealthy nails?

Abnormalities of the fingernail discoloration (dark streaks, white streaks, or changes in nail color) changes in nail shape (curling or clubbing) changes in nail thickness (thickening or thinning) nails that become brittle. nails that are pitted. bleeding around nails. swelling or redness around nails. pain around nails.

Can vitamin D deficiency cause nails?

Fat-soluble vitamin deficiency (al. S. M., 2011) – Deficiencies specifically in vitamins A, D, E, and K typically will cause nails to be softer, termed hapalonychia.

What vitamin deficiency causes lines in nails?

Our nails naturally develop slight vertical ridges as we age. However, severe and raised ridges can be a sign of iron deficiency anemia. Nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin B12 or keratin can result in fingernail ridges. Hormonal changes can also cause ridges to appear.

What are signs that your liver is not functioning properly?

Liver failure occurs when your liver isn’t working well enough to perform its functions (for example, manufacturing bile and ridding the body of harmful substances). Symptoms include nausea, loss of appetite, and blood in the stool. Treatments include avoiding alcohol and avoiding certain foods.

What do fingernails look like with heart disease?

Pale colored nails can indicate congestive heart failure. This is known as “Terry’s nails,” a symptom in which most of the nail appears to be a pale white color, and a band of pink is present at the tip of the nail, the area known as the distal band.

Does liver disease affect your fingernails?

This condition, known as Terry’s nails, is especially common in people with severe liver disease. Additionally, nails that are half white and half reddish brown are called Lindsay’s nails, which is a condition that’s often associated with kidney disease.

How do you treat black nails?

Over-the-counter ointments, creams, and polishes are usually effective. Severe cases may require a prescription antifungal treatment. If a black toenail is caused by an injury, the resulting spot from broken blood vessels will disappear once your nail grows out.

Does B12 deficiency affect nails?

Both iron and B12 are necessary for keeping nails strong and healthy. A deficiency in vitamin B12 can result in entirely blue nails, bluish-black pigments with wavy longitudinal dark streaks and brownish pigmentation ( 5 , 6 ).

What should I eat to strengthen my nails?

Plenty of nutrients in food can help your nails, taking them from dry and brittle to healthy and strong. Foods that can improve your nails include fruits, lean meats, salmon, leafy greens, beans, eggs, nuts, and whole grains.

Can biting nails cause black lines?

It is not difficult to spot a nail-biter. Clinically, the nail will appear abnormally short and uneven. Cuticles may be absent or ragged and nail folds may be in varying stages of healing. Splinter hemorrhages (longitudinal thin black lines that look like splinters) are often present within the nail plate.

Can smoking cause black lines on nails?

You’re a smoker This is because the nicotine and tar found in cigarettes stains both the nail and surrounding nail bed – but that’s not all.

What is nail melanoma?

Toenail melanoma is another name for subungual melanoma. It’s an uncommon form of skin cancer that develops underneath the fingernail or toenail. Subungual means “under the nail.” Toenail fungus is a more common condition that occurs from the overgrowth of fungi in, under, or on the nail.

How do you get rid of black lines on your nails?

Most causes of black lines on the nail do not require treatment. Melanoma is an exception. A doctor will usually first remove the area of melanoma as well as the skin under the fingernail. A doctor can perform a skin graft over the fingernail to improve the finger’s appearance post-surgery.

What causes Muehrcke lines?

Nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, liver diseases, and malnutrition are the most common, with nephrotic syndrome being the most common cause reported by Muehrcke. Other cases include periods of high metabolic stress (e.g., systemic inflections, AIDS). Trauma may also cause Muehrcke’s nails.

What do nails look like with thyroid problems?

Curved nails with swollen fingertip A swollen fingertip, curved nail, and thickening skin above a nail are often signs of thyroid disease.