In this page you can discover 16 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for polymer, like: nanocomposites, thermoplastic, semiconductor, coating, , polymeric, polymers, elastomer, , nanoparticles and nanostructures.
What is a polymer in one word?
Polymer is a substance made up of a large number of smaller molecules that link together to form larger molecules. An example of a synthetic polymer is plastic. An example of a natural polymer is rubber. For example, plastic is a synthetic polymer, while protein is a natural polymer.
What is a simple definition of a polymer?
polymer, any of a class of natural or synthetic substances composed of very large molecules, called macromolecules, that are multiples of simpler chemical units called monomers. Polymers make up many of the materials in living organisms, including, for example, proteins, cellulose, and nucleic acids.
What are the 4 types of polymers?
Terms. Synthetic polymers are human-made polymers. From the utility point of view, they can be classified into four main categories: thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and synthetic fibers.
What’s another name for synthetic polymers?
Brand names Brand Name Polymer Mylar Polyethylene terephthalate film Neoprene Polychloroprene Nylon Polyamide Nomex Meta-aramid polymer.
Which is the best definition of polymer?
A polymer is a very large, chain-like molecule made up of monomers, which are small molecules. It can be naturally occurring or synthetic. Since poly- means “many,” a polymer means “many parts.” You’ll find polymers everywhere: they’re what make spandex stretch and sneakers bounce.
What is an example of polymer?
Examples of synthetic polymers include nylon, polyethylene, polyester, Teflon, and epoxy. Natural polymers occur in nature and can be extracted. They are often water-based. Examples of naturally occurring polymers are silk, wool, DNA, cellulose and proteins.
What is a polymer very short answer?
A polymer is a molecule, made from joining together many small molecules called monomers. The word “polymer” can be broken down into “poly” (meaning “many” in Greek) and “mer” (meaning “unit”). Proteins have polypeptide molecules, which are natural polymers made from various amino acid monomer units.
Is cotton a polymer?
Cotton is a polymer which is made up of cellulose. Cellulose is a carbohydrate which is also a polymer of repeated chains of glucose.
What makes something a polymer?
A polymer is made up of a number of joined-together monomers. One way of thinking about polymers is like a chain of connected-up paperclips. A polymer is a large molecule made up of smaller, joined-together molecules called monomers. Other bonds then hold the groups of chains together to form a polymer material.
What are the 2 main types of polymers?
Polymers fall into two categories: thermosetting plastic or thermoset. thermoforming plastic or thermoplastic.
What are the uses of polymer?
Uses of polymers Polymer Properties Uses Poly(chloroethene) ‘PVC’ Tough, electrical insulator, can be made hard or flexible Insulation for electrical wires, windows, gutters, pipes Poly(tetrafluoroethene) ‘PFTE’ Slippery, chemically unreactive Non-stick coatings for pans, containers for laboratory substances.
What are the 3 main types of polymers?
There are 3 principal classes of polymers – thermoplastics, thermosets, and elastomers. Differentiation between these classes is best defined by their behaviour under applied heat. Thermoplastic polymers can be either amorphous or crystalline. They behave in a relatively ductile manner but often have low strength.
Which is an example of a biological polymer?
They are produced by polymerization, and occur either naturally or synthetically. Examples of natural polymers are cellulose, shellac and amber. Biopolymers such as proteins and nucleic acids play crucial roles in biological processes. A polymer produced by a living organism is called a biopolymer.
What is the strongest polymer?
PBO was first developed in the 1980’s and is the world’s strongest man-made fiber. It is also the first organic fiber whose cross-sectional strength outperforms both steel and carbon fiber. Zylon® PBO is a rigid-rod isotropic crystal polymer that is spun by a dry-jet wet spinning process.
Is PVC a natural polymer?
PVC, also known as polyvinyl chloride is a synthetic plastic polymer. Proteins are the natural polymers. Proteins are made out of amino acids hence proteins are polyamides so we can say that proteins are obtained from the plants and animals directly.
What does polymer mean in anatomy?
polymer: A relatively large molecule consisting of a chain or network of many identical or similar monomers chemically bonded to each other. monomer: A relatively small molecule that can form covalent bonds with other molecules of this type to form a polymer.
Which one of the following is not a thermosetting polymer?
Some typical thermosetting plastics are Bakelite (phenol-formaldehyde), Melamine- formaldehyde, Urea-formaldehyde, Silicones, etc. After discussing it we can conclude that a linear or slightly branched long chain is not the characteristic of thermosetting polymers or plastics. So, the correct answer is Option A .
Is polymer and plastic the same thing?
Although the terms are often used interchangeably, polymers and plastics are not always the same thing. Plastics are a type of polymer composed of chains of polymers which can be partially organic or fully synthetic. Simply put, all plastics are polymers, but not all polymers are plastics.
What are not polymer?
If the forming units of the given biological macromolecules are considered, proteins are formed of amino acids joined one after the other, polysaccharides are formed from monosaccharides, nucleic acids are formed of nucleotides. Only lipids are not made of uniform components, that is, they are not polymeric.
What is polymer and its types?
Commercial Uses of Polymers Polymer Monomer Uses of Polymer Rubber Isoprene (1, 2-methyl 1 – 1, 3-butadiene) Making tyres, elastic materials BUNA – S (a) 1, 3-butadiene (b) Styrene Synthetic rubber BUNA – N (a) 1, 3-butadiene (b) Vinyl Cyanide Synthetic rubber Teflon Tetra Flouro Ethane Non-stick cookware – plastics.
Is wood a polymer?
Wood itself contains polymers such as lignin, cellulose, and various hemi- celluloses but has very different properties from the synthetic polymers with which it is most often combined. Wood is less expensive, stiffer, and stronger than these synthetic polymers, making it a useful filler or reinforcement.
What is the polymer in English?
A polymer is a type of organic solid (= a solid that is a compound of carbon or hydrogen) that has a very large molecular structure. A polymer is a substance composed of long chains of simpler units called monomers.
Which is called a cellulosic polymer?
Cellulose is the most abundant polysaccharide found in nature. It is a linear polymer consisting of 6-member ether rings (D-glucose or dextrose) linked together covalently by ether groups, the so-called glycosidic bonds. Usually many thousand glucose repeat units make up a cellulose polymer.
Is rubber a polymer?
Natural rubber is a polymer, a long, chain like molecule that contains repeating subunits. The term polymer comes from the Greek “poly” meaning many and “mer” meaning parts. The chemical name for natural rubber is polyisoprene. The monomer (meaning “one-part”) from which it is built is isoprene.