The Silk Route was a series of ancient trade networks that connected China and the Far East with countries in Europe and the Middle East. The route included a group of trading posts and markets that were used to help in the storage, transport, and exchange of goods. It was also known as the Silk Road.
What is called Silk Route?
The Silk Route was a trading route dating back to the second century B.C. By the fourteenth century A.D. It stretched across China, India, Persia, Arabia, Greece, and Italy from Asia to the Mediterranean. Due to the heavy silk trade that took place during that time, it was called the Silk Road.
What was Silk Route Class 9?
Complete answer: The route was between China and Mediterranean sea. China was the leading producer of silk in large quantities. This route was used to export Silk to Western countries. This route developed as a link between East and West.
What is the Silk Road Easy?
The Silk Road was a group of trade routes that went across Asia to the Mediterranean Sea. This let China trade with the Middle East and the Mediterranean world. It was called the Silk Road because silk was traded along it.
What is Silk Road in history?
The silk road was a network of paths connecting civilizations in the East and West that was well traveled for approximately 1,400 years. Merchants on the silk road transported goods and traded at bazaars or caravanserai along the way.
Why it is called Silk Road?
Silk Road Economic Belt Even though the name “Silk Road” derives from the popularity of Chinese silk among tradesmen in the Roman Empire and elsewhere in Europe, the material was not the only important export from the East to the West.
Where is Silk Route in India?
Silk Road sites in India are sites that were important for trade on the ancient Silk Road. There are 12 such places in India. These are spread across seven states in India (Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Puducherry, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.
Who controlled the Silk Route?
The best-known of the rulers who controlled the Silk Route were the Kushanas, who ruled over central Asia and north-west India around 2000 years ago. Their two major centres of power were Peshawar and Mathura. Taxila was also included in their kingdom.
What is importance of Silk Route?
The Silk Road was important because it helped to generate trade and commerce between a number of different kingdoms and empires. This helped for ideas, culture, inventions, and unique products to spread across much of the settled world.
Who built the Silk Road?
The Silk Road was established by China’s Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE) through territorial expansion. The Silk Road was a series of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction between the West and East.
Is the Silk Road still used?
In the 13th and 14th centuries the route was revived under the Mongols, and at that time the Venetian Marco Polo used it to travel to Cathay (China). Part of the Silk Road still exists, in the form of a paved highway connecting Pakistan and the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, China.
What is Silk Road in English?
The silk road was a network of historical trade routes across Eurasia, connecting east Asia with the Mediterranean Sea. It was in use in various forms roughly between the second century b.c. to the 15th century a.d. The Silk Road is also the name of an internet black market that was shut down by the FBI in 2013.
What is Silk Road Darkweb?
Silk Road was an online black market and the first modern darknet market, best known as a platform for selling illegal drugs. As part of the dark web, it was operated as a Tor hidden service, such that online users were able to browse it anonymously and securely without potential traffic monitoring.
Why did the Ottomans close the Silk Road?
As the Ottoman Empire expanded, it started gaining control of important trade routes. Many sources state that the Ottoman Empire “blocked” the Silk Road. This meant that while Europeans could trade through Constantinople and other Muslim countries, they had to pay high taxes.
Why did the Silk Road end?
The speed of the sea transportation, the possibility to carry more goods, relative cheapness of transportation resulted in the decline of the Silk Road in the end of the 15th century. During the civil war in China the destroyed Silk Road once again played its big role in the history of China.
How is silk made?
The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. The best-known silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity (sericulture).
How many countries did the Silk Road pass through?
Today there are over 40 countries along the historic land and maritime Silk Roads, all still bearing witness to the impact of these routes on their culture, traditions and customs.
What is the new Silk Road called?
The new Silk Road is also called the “Belt and Road Initiative” — as in, a belt of land routes and a maritime Silk Road of sea routes, connecting China with much of Asia, Africa and Europe, with more projects in Latin America, the Arctic, in cyberspace and in space.
Who controlled Silk Route in India?
Ans: The Kushanas, who ruled over central Asia and north-west India, controlled the Silk Route. Their two major centers of power were Peshawar and Mathura. During their rule, a branch of the Silk Route extended from Central Asia down to the seaports at the mouth of the river Indus.
Who introduced Silk Route in India?
The great silk-route to the Indians was opened by Kaniskha. Silk Route was established during the reign of Han Dynasty of China. It connects China with East Europe Mediterranean countries and Central Asia, passing through India.
Did the Silk Road reach India?
The Silk Road trade played a significant role in the development of the civilizations of China, Korea, Japan, the Indian subcontinent, Iran, Europe, the Horn of Africa and Arabia, opening long-distance political and economic relations between those civilizations.